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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • I ensure that the submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
  • I ensure that all the names of authors and other identifying information has been taken away in the original manuscript text. (Not applicable for Book Reviews and Guest Editorials but the box must be checked).
  • I have double-checked that I have deleted the file's meta-text in Word (in "File">"Info">"Inspect document" or in the column "Related people" where user information is visible). I understand that failure to do this step will result in the manuscript being returned directly to the authors.
  • I ensure that I have followed IJAL's formatting guidelines and that the submission is within the specified word limit.
  • I ensure that all references are formatted according to IJAL’s referencing style.
  • The submission has undergone spell check and grammar check.
  • I have prepared a separate attachment where author name/affiliation, any acknowledgements and any ethical review details are disclosed (Not applicable for Book Reviews and Guest Editorials but box must be checked).
  • I accept that the journal will perform plagiarism checks on the manuscript, should the manuscript be considered for publication.

Before you submit your manuscript, please make sure that your manuscript follows our submission guidelines, including manuscript length, our instructions to anonymize your manuscript, and the IJAL reference style. We reserve the right to return your submission without a decision, if the journal guidelines are not met.

Preparation instructions for original manuscripts

  • Check that your manuscript has the correct length. Original manuscripts should have  4,000-9,000 words including references and footnotes but excluding the title and abstract. Tables and figures should be attached in a separate file and not included in the word imit. 
  • Format your manuscript correctly. The main text should be double spaced and written in Times New Roman font size 12. First level headers should be written in bold, second level headers in italics. Do not use a numerical system in your headers (1, 1.1, 1.2 etc). Your manuscript should have page numbers. Please ensure that you se IJAL's referencing style (not APA; se below).
  • Language. You may use British or American English as long as consistency is observed. Bear in mind the multidisciplinary and international readership of the journal. Use a clear readable style, avoiding jargon. If technical terms or acronyms are included, define them when first used. Before submission, do a spell-check and a grammar check.
  • Check that your manuscript file is thoroughly blinded, even in the file’s properties. There should be no author- or acknowledgement information in the manuscript text. Anonymize references to your own publications by referring to e.g. (AUTHOR 2019), in the main text and in the reference list. It is important that you also erase author identification information in the file's properties to ensure a double blind peer review. With Microsoft Office documents, you do this by opening your manuscript file and clicking on the tab “File”  and then “Check for Issues” and “Inspect document”. Erase "Document properties and personal information" and save. With a Mac, you can do this step under "Security" > "Remove personal information from file properties on save" and save. If you do not remove the author identification in the file properties, your document is not fully anonymized and may be returned to you.
  • Prepare and submit a separate attachment with author details, acknowledgements and details of ethical review. When submitting your manuscript, also upload a separate file that provide the names and affiliations held by the author(s) and the contact details of the corresponding author (work address and e-mail). Any acknowledgements should also appear in this file. If it is applicable, the full name of the body providing the favorable ethical review and reference number should also be provided here and not in the main manuscript text. Also see point “Ethical statement” below.
  • Abstract and keywords. The manuscript should include an Abstract with a maximum of 150 words, and up to five Keywords in alphabetical order (these are not included in the manuscript word limit). In order to facilitate the search of our articles in established database engines, we recommend authors to use keywords that are in tune with those often used in social scientific databases such as Social Science Citation Index and Sociological Abstracts.
  • Ethical statement. Where the manuscript reports original research, confirmation must be given that ethical guidelines have been met, for example adherence to the legal requirements of the study country. In the manuscript text, authors must provide evidence that the study was subject to the appropriate level of ethical review (e.g. university, hospital etc.) or provide a statement indicating that it was not required. Provide blinded details in the manuscript and only include specific details of the ethical review in the separate attachment containing author information / acknowledgements.
  • Clarificatory footnotes should be used sparingly. If you wish to comment or clarify a statement in your manuscript with a footnote, keep it to a minimum. In the published article, footnotes are placed at the bottom of the page (not as end notes).
  • Tables / Figures should be in a separate file. Any tables and figures should be compiled in a separate file from the main manuscript text. Start a separate page for each figure and/or table. The tables and figures should have a short self-explanatory title and should be numbered consecutively, for example: “Table 1. Characteristics of focus group participants, 1990-1995 (n=39)”. Titles for tables should be above the table, while titles for figures should be below the figure. Check that all tables and figures are referred to in the running text and their approximate position in the text should be indicated by writing e.g. “INSERT TABLE 1 ABOUT HERE”. Photographs and figures may be supplied in color. Extremely small type must be avoided as figures are often reduced in size.
  • Permissions. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.
  • Your submission should not be previously published. Submission of a manuscript to the journal is taken to imply that the manuscript has not previously been published and is not considered for publication elsewhere. The ownership of material published in IJAL remains with the author(s).
  • Use IJAL's style of referencing. See examples below.

Preparation instructions for Book reviews

  • Book reviews should have between 800–1,200 words.
  • The title of the book review should be in this format: Stephen Katz (ed.) (2018). Ageing in Everyday Life. Materialities and Embodiments. Bristol: Policy Press, 208 pp. ISBN 978-1447335917 (hardback).
  • Book reviews do not need to be anonymized. Provide your name, affiliation and contact details on the first page of the book review.
  • Citations and references in the reviewed book or in other works must appear in a reference list at the end of the review. Follow IJAL's style of referencing (see below).

IJAL’s style of Referencing

Identify all references at the appropriate point in the text by the author/date system, e.g. (Gubrium 1975: 75). Please refer to IJAL’s style of referencing (with examples below). Note that it is similar but not the same as the APA-system. List the references at the end of the manuscript in alphabetical order. Do not forget to anonymize your own and co-authors’ own publications by referring to e.g. (AUTHOR 2018) both in the running text and in the reference list. Check that all references in the reference list are cited in the text and vice versa.

Citations in text

  • Citations in the text should be in the format: author(s) and year of publication without a comma, e.g.: (Stevens 2002).
  • Use “&” between two authors’ names in parentheses, e.g.: (Gilleard & Higgs 2000), but “and” in the running text e.g. “As stated by Gilleard and Higgs (2000), …”.
  • For works with three authors, name all authors when the reference is first used (Reynolds, Farrow & Blank 2012), and use et al. for subsequent references to the same work (Reynolds et al. 2012). For works with four or more authors, always use only the first author name and et al. in the text.
  • Arrange the literature references alphabetically, e.g.: (Gilleard & Higgs 2000; Knipscheer et al. 2000).
  • For page numbers, use colon, e.g.: (Gilleard and Higgs 2000: 67).

Reference list

  • For works with up to three authors, all authors should be names in the Reference list. For works with more than three authors, use “et al.” after the third author.
  • Always state the full page range in the Reference section. This applies not only to articles but also to chapters in books.
  • When referring to an Internet site please include the date on which you downloaded the material in parentheses, e.g.: (Accessed: May 21, 2008). See the example below under the headline Internet.
  • Given the international readership it is helpful if authors translate non-English titles of references within brackets […].

Articles in a journal

  • Journals should have their full names (no abbreviations).
  • Journal names should be in italics.

Knipscheer, C. P. M., Broese van Groenou, M. I., Leene, G. J. F., Beekman, A. T. F. & Deeg, D. J. H. (2000). The effects of environmental context and personal resources on depressive symptomatology in older age: A test of the Lawton model. Ageing & Society 20(2): 183–202.

Reynolds, F., Farrow, A. & Blank, A. (2012). “Otherwise it would be nothing but cruises”: exploring the subjective benefits of working beyond 65. International Journal of Ageing and Later Life 7(1): 79-106.

Stevens, N. (2002). Re-engaging: New partnerships in late-life widowhood. Ageing International 27(4): 27–42.

Article in a newspaper

Greene, K. (2002). Florida frets it doesn't have enough elderly. The Wall Street Journal, 15 October.


Gilleard, C. & Higgs, P. (2000). Cultures of Ageing. London: Prentice Hall.

Andersson, L. (ed.) (2002). Cultural Gerontology. Westport, CT: Auburn House.

Chappell, N., Gee, E., McDonald L. & Stones, M. (2003). Aging in Contemporary Canada. Toronto: Prentice Hall.

Chapter in a book

Antonucci, T. C. (2001). Social relations: An examination of social networks, social support, and sense of control. In J. E. Birren & K. W. Schaie (eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (5th ed., pp. 427–453). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Kohli, M. (1990). Das Alter als Herausforderung an die Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit [Old age as a challenge for the theory of social inequality]. In P. A. Berger & S. Hradil (eds.) Lebenslagen, Lebensläufe, Lebensstile. Soziale Welt [Life Situations, Life Courses, Lifestyles. Social World] (pp. 387-408). Göttingen: Schwartz.

Refernces in a language other than English

Krampe, R. T., Rapp, M. A., Bondar, A. & Baltes, P.B. (2003). Selektion, Optimierung und Kompensation in Doppelaufgaben [Selection, opti-mization and compensation in dual tasks]. Nervenarzt 74(3): 211-218.

Lo-Johansson, I. (1949). Ålderdom [Old Age]. Stockholm: KF:s Bokförlag.


ONS (Office for National Statistics). (2003). Population Trends 112. London: The Stationery Office.

Velkoff, V. & Kinsella, K. (1993). Aging in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. Washington, DC: Bureau of Census, Center for International Research. Report No. 93/1.


Liedberg, G. (2004). Women with Fibromyalgia. Employment and Daily Life. Available on http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-5184 (Accessed: May 21, 2008).

United Nations (2005). http://www.un.org/esa/ (Accessed: June 01, 2005).